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Day 2 in Edinburgh

A couple of things from yesterday:

I learned the correct pronunciation of Edinburgh.  Not Ed-in-burg.  Not Edin-BRO.  It’s more like Edn-BRRA, except that the “A” sound is not quite like in “bra”.

We saw a few men wearing kilts, just as part of their regular way of dressing:  henleys, work boots, and kilts.  The only people who seemed to notice were obvious tourists (identifiable by their wheeled suitcases or backpacks).

Second Day in Edinburgh

So today, we all got together for breakfast and went off to Edinburgh Castle, the Royal Mile, and Holyrood Palace.

The official website for the Castle is:  http://www.edinburghcastle.gov.uk/

We got there a little after it opened at nine-thirty.  It wasn’t at all crowded then, but by the time we left, there were a lot of people.  They say it is the most popular tourist sight in Scotland.

File:Castle from Johnston Terrace - geograph.org.uk - 1347939.jpg

Edinburgh Castle is built on a volcanic plug called Castle Rock.  It is looks enormous from Princes Street Gardens.  When you get to the Castle, it looks even more impressive.  It is divided into three sections called wards.  The ticket office is in the Lower Ward; you enter by a gatehouse that was built in 1888, which seems old-ish to us but is quite new compared to most of the Castle, including the road which was built in 1464 by James III for the transport of cannon.  There are statues of Robert the Bruce and William Wallace.  (“King Robert, I presume?”)

You enter the Castle from the Esplanade on the east, and move sort of counter-clockwise through the Lower Ward and the immense Middle Ward, into the Upper Ward in the center of the Castle precincts.  Nearly everything is made of rock.  Not dressed stone, just rock.  On a gray day like today, it feels forbidding.

File:Entry to Edinburgh Castle.jpg

We went through the Portcullis Gate into the Middle Ward.  It was built in the 16th century to replace a tower that was destroyed in a siege, and had to be rebuilt a couple of times.

File:Edinburgh Castle Portcullis Gate.jpg

The Middle Ward is the largest section of the Castle.  The Middle Ward contains some large buildings that you can’t go into unless you have business there, including the Governor’s House, which used to be a residence, and is now used as the office of the Governor of the Castle, and an officers mess.  By the Governor’s House is the New Barrack Block, which houses the headquarters of the 52nd Infantry Brigade, the Regimental HQ of the Royal Regiment of Scotland, and the Regimental HQ of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys).

There’s a hospital and a military prison.  There are a couple of museums.  The site map shows some unidentified buildings that Chris wouldn’t let me investigate.  Party pooper.

There are several “batteries” which are artillery placements, heavy guns.  Charles said he had been hoping to to get one of those batteries for his camera but they were all too big.  (His girlfriend put her hand over his mouth.)   One of the batteries, called Mills Mount Battery, is where they fire the One O’Clock Gun.

This is cool.  It’s been fired nearly every day for 150 years, as a time signal for shipping in the Firth of Forth and the Port of Leith.  We decided to use it as a time signal for our group, to meet up in the Lower Ward.  The original gun was a cannon.

Some 18th century cart sheds in the Middle Ward are now used as tea rooms.  Some of us had lunch there, a bit early, to rest our feet.  (Naming no names, here. But.)

File:Edinburgh 1130049 nevit.jpg

The Upper Ward

The highest part of Castle Rock is the Upper Ward.  To get into it, you go through an arched opening in the stone wall.  The opening is called Foog’s Gate.  It used to be called the Foggy Gate.  It was gray and cold but not foggy this morning, but I could see where fog would make an impression.

The Upper Ward has some interesting stuff, including an enormous cannon, called a siege gun.  It is one of two that were given to King James II.  The other gun exploded in battle in 1460, killing the king.   This gun is named Mons Meg and is always referred to as “she”.  She was fired to celebrate the wedding of Mary Queen of Scots to the French dauphin in 1558.  The cannonball was found later about two miles away.  Mons Meg is now “defunct” but still impressive.

Downslope from Mons Meg is a pet cemetery where soldiers’ dogs are buried.

File:Dog cemetary.jpg

Another interesting sight is St. Margaret’s Chapel.  It is very old and quite small.  They say that it was used as a gunpowder store from the sixteenth century to the nineteenth century.  It was built during the reign of David I as a private chapel for the royal family, and was dedicated to his mother, Saint Margaret of Scotland.  There is a legend that St. Margaret herself worshipped here.

The chapel has been restored to resemble the way it was when first built.

File:Inside St. Margaret's Chapel.jpg

You can go into the chapel but it’s small and a lot of people want to look in.  It feels like a museum piece, probably because it’s mostly not used, only looked at.  They do use it sometimes for small weddings and baptisms and other ceremonies.

There’s a large building housing another museum, and beyond that is the Palace Yard, which is also called Crown Square.  Three large buildings connect in a U shape:  the Royal Palace, the Great Hall, and the Queen Anne Building.

The Queen Anne building houses an education center for schools.  It was swarming with kids and re-enactors in costumes from various eras of Scottish history. They use “period weapons”, mostly swords and daggers, but also pikes and halberds and some replicas of early pistols.  They showed us how, after a sword fight, their blades were nicked.  The same people that run this center have set up educational displays around the Castle.

We spent the afternoon at Holyrood Palace.  Here is a link to a web page about the palace:


I’m going to write about that on a separate post because this is getting long.


Photo Credits:

Unless otherwise noted, photos are from Wikimedia and are used under a  Creative Commons license.

Edinburgh Castle:

kim traynor [CC-BY-SA-2.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Entry to Edinburgh Castle 

By Chris Sherlock (Ta bu shi da yu) (Own work) [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

Man on Bench: 

By Nevit Dilmen (Own work) [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC-BY-SA-2.5-2.0-1.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Dog Cemetery

This photo is in the Public Domain.  The file link for Wikimedia is:  http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dog_cemetary.jpg

St Margaret’s Chapel:

Permission is given by the author (owner of the photograph) Chris Sherlock to use under the GFDL.  This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.


Going to Edinburgh: first day of trip

Arrival in Edinburgh!

It was wonderful!  The sun was out!  It was cool but not cold, dampish but not wet.  The fresh air felt so good after the stale recycled air on the plane.

When we landed, there was a wheelchair waiting for one of the guys.  Poor guy.  He looked pale and tired.  I hope he’s going to be alright on the rest of the trip.  We all followed the wheelchair through the maze – it’s actually pretty well sign-posted and not really a maze – but when you’re short and there’s a crowd, it’s hard to see the signs.  However, it was easy to keep an eye on my companions who were keeping an eye on the wheelchair pusher.

We had the usual thing of going through Customs and Immigration, which took a long time.  I was glad that my suitcase was rigid plastic because I sat on it.  Chris was very excited about being in Scotland and thrilled with everything.

We stopped at a restaurant in the airport, because Some of Us decided that we can’t do anymore traveling with Low Blood Sugar.  Chris and the Other Chris went off looking for deep fried Mars Bars while I sat here with a cold drink – probably the last time I’ll have ice in my drink!  I was so tired it was all I could do not to put my head down on the table.

Some of us took the local bus into town.  There’s an Airlink bus that costs more and has more room for luggage.  It also goes faster because it makes fewer stops.

We found our hotel — Chris and I are staying at a B&B.  We couldn’t check in yet, but we left our luggage and went out and walked around and looked at stuff and got oriented and acclimated.  Then we met the others at their hotel and went out for dinner.   We talked about going out, because there’s a lot to do in the evening in Edinburgh, but most of us voted for an early night.

The First Day’s Sight-Seeing

Our B&B is near Princes’ Street Gardens, so that is mostly what we looked at.  It is beautiful.

File:Princes Street Gardens.jpg

The amazing thing that looks like a Victorian gothic rocket ship is the Scott Monument.  It was built in memory of Sir Walter Scott, the writer.  There is a statue of him in the open space in the center.

File:Scott Monument 09.jpg

Below is a photo that can be seen on Flickr:

The Scott Monument Edinburgh

Also interesting was the Ross Fountain.  It can also be found on Flickr:

Ross Fountain - Princes Street Gardens - Edinburgh Scotland

There are mermaids!  There are four women representing science, arts, poetry and industry.  There’s a woman at the very top.  I don’t know what she represents but she looks cold.

Looming over everything is Edinburgh Castle!

That is the Ross Fountain in the foregoround.

There are statues in the Gardens, including David Livingstone.  That Livingstone.  So we said to the statue:  “Dr Livingstone, I presume?” and that made us laugh so hard that we kept saying , “I presume?”  The Ross Fountain, I presume?  Sir Walter, I presume?

Okay, it was silly.  We were pretty tired.

Especially cool, I think, is that there is a statue to Sir James Young Simpson, the obstetric pioneer.  It seems that he was the first to use anesthesia for childbirth.

Unexpectedly moving was the Scottish-American War Memorial, in honor of men who served in World War I.


Photo Credits:

The photos that are from Flickr were taken by John Gilchrist, a photographer in Edinburgh, and are used by permission.

Unless otherwise noted, all photos were found on Wikimedia and are licensed under Creative Commons.

Princes Street Gardens:  

Source: Jaakko Sakari Reinikainen (ulayiti)


Scott Monument:

Ad Meskens

The copyright holder of this file allows anyone to use it for any purpose, provided that a mention to “Foto Ad Meskens” be included.

Edinburgh Castle:  http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Edinburgh_Castle_From_Princes_Street_Garden_001.jpg

Scottish-American War Memorial

Attribution: Eileen Henderson

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